How Far Apart To Plant Potatoes in a Garden

Backyard Spruce


Planting potatoes is a fun and rewarding experience for any beginner gardener. As the old adage goes, ‘The best time to plant potatoes is when the snow is on the ground’, so plan for the perfect time to start planning your potato planting! Understanding how far apart to plant potatoes is key to a successful harvest.

Whether you’re a veteran gardener or just starting out, this article will help you determine the best spacing and depth for your potato planting. Read on to find out how to get the most out of your potato plants.

Understand Your Soil Type for Potatoes

Knowing your soil type is essential for getting the best results when growing potatoes! Different soil types have different levels of nutrients, drainage, and water retention, all of which can affect how your potatoes grow.

To get the best results, it’s important to understand what type of soil you’ll be planting in. If you’re not sure, you can always take a sample of your soil to your local nursery to get it tested.  At the very least, you can also perform some home test kits for soil pH levels.

Once you know what kind of soil you’re dealing with, you’ll be able to determine how far apart to plant your potatoes. Generally speaking, potatoes should be planted 12-14 inches apart in well-drained soil. If your soil is heavy, you may want to increase the distance between plants to 18-24 inches.

Keep in mind that your potatoes will need plenty of room to grow, so it’s important to plant them far enough apart.

Consider Potato Plant Spacing and Depth

You want to make sure you get the spacing and depth just right when it comes to planting your potatoes – it’ll make all the difference in the end!

Potatoes should be planted at a depth of 4-6 inches

When it comes to spacing, you’ll want to make sure that the potatoes you plant are a minimum of 8 inches apart – over a foot apart is more often desired though. If you plant them too close together, they’ll compete for space, water, and nutrients, and the yield will be compromised. Planting them too far apart will mean that the plants won’t be able to utilize all of the available resources, and your precious garden space will go underutilized.

When it comes to depth, the potatoes should be planted in soil that is 4-6 inches deep. Planting them too shallow can cause the potatoes to dry out, and planting them too deep can cause them to rot before they are able to sprout.

Paying close attention to the spacing and depth of your potatoes will ensure that you get the best yield possible out of your crop.

Choose the Right Potato Varieties

Choosing the right potato varieties is key to a successful harvest. There are over 4,000 varieties of potatoes worldwide, so it’s important to pick the one that’s right for you.

Different varieties are suited to different climates and soil types. In general, potatoes prefer warm, sunny, and well-drained soil. Depending on the variety, potatoes can be categorized as either the main crop or early potatoes.  Main crop potatoes take longer to grow while early potatoes (also known as new potatoes) sprout sooner.

Main crop potatoes, such as Russet Burbank and Yukon Gold, are best planted in the late spring and can take up to three months to reach maturity. Early potatoes, on the other hand, are harvested within two months. Varieties like Red Pontiac and White Rose are ideal for cooler climates and are ready for harvest earlier in the spring season.

When selecting a potato variety, you should also consider:

  • Disease Resistance: Choose potato varieties that are highly resistant to disease to ensure a healthy harvest.
  • Storage Ability: Some varieties of potatoes are better suited for long-term storage and can last for up to a year.
  • Taste: Different varieties of potatoes offer varying flavors and textures, so you should consider which type of potato best suits your taste.
  • Yield: Consider how many potatoes you want to harvest, and select a variety that offers a good yield.

Be sure to check in with your local nurseries or gardening centers for getting advice on the best type of potato for growing in your area.

Gardening Care for Your Potato Plant

Once your type of potato is chosen, you’ll need to tend to them properly for a successful harvest; spacing them correctly and giving them the right amount of water and sunlight are essential. Depending on the size of the potato, you should plan to plant each seed piece 8-14 inches apart. For rows, space them about 3 feet apart. A great way to ensure optimal growth and healthier yields is to create a planting strategy that maximizes the use of space beforehand.

Using a two-column and three-row table in Excel or on paper can make it easier to visualize how to space your potatoes. In the first column you can list the different potato varieties and in the second column list the space requirements for each variety. For example, small potatoes should be planted 8 inches apart, while large potatoes should be spaced 12 inches or more apart. This will help you determine how much space is needed between rows and ensure that the soil can adequately sustain the potatoes.

Watering your potatoes is another important factor in successful potato planting. Generally, potatoes require about 1 inch of water each week. You can use a garden hose or soaker system to provide the water they need. Additionally, be sure to direct the water to the base of the plants as opposed to the foliage. This will help prevent disease while encouraging the potatoes to grow deep roots. Last but not least, ensure that your potatoes receive plenty of sunlight. Potatoes need at least 6-8 hours of sunshine each day for optimal growth.

Parting Potato Words

You’ve done all the hard work needed to get your potato crop planted, so now it’s time to sit back and reap the rewards! Planting your potatoes correctly will ensure a healthy, abundant harvest.

On average, potato plants grown from seed yield up to 8-10 pounds of potatoes per plant. With proper spacing, you can increase this yield significantly to the higher end. So, take the time to understand your soil type, choose the right potato varieties, and consider spacing and depth when planting.

You’ll be glad you did when you enjoy the delicious rewards of a successful potato harvest!